and we didnt play up to our potential. from mary123's blog

On September 29, 2007, in Mexico City, India conquered the world. Cheap Jordan 11 2019 .Seventeen days earlier, eight elite chess players had gathered there to play a gruelling double round-robin tournament. Each player would play all the others twice, once each with white and black. Fourteen rounds against elite opposition. Such super-grandmaster tournaments were common, but this one was special, not just because of the strength of the field assembled but because the winner would be crowned the undisputed world champion of Chess. Therefore, unlike in other tournaments, only first place mattered. There would be blood on this dance floor.At the end of 14 rounds, one man remained unbeaten. Viswanathan Anand of India had ten draws and four wins to his credit, and with nine points out of 14, won the tournament by a full point. Anand, at 37 years of age, was among the older world champions in what was increasingly becoming a young mans game. He was no journeyman, though, but one of the greatest talents in the history of chess, who, as a young prodigy in the late 80s and early 90s, had threatened to be the first man after Bobby Fischer to challenge the Soviet School of Chess. It is impossible to overstate what a monumental achievement this was.***Vladimir Lenin enjoyed playing chess, but institutional support for chess in the Soviet Union had less to do with love of the game and more to do with ideology and geopolitics. Nikolai Krylenko, a senior functionary and the head of the Soviet chess association (until he was purged by Stalin in 1938), once said: We must finish once and for all with the neutrality of chess. We must condemn once and for all the formula chess for the sake of chess, like the formula art for arts sake. We must organize shockbrigades of chess-players, and begin immediate realization of a Five-Year Plan for chess.Chess was taught in schools, and chess players received special dispensation from the regime. In 1927 they even had a world champion in Alexander Alekhine. But Alekhine turned against the Bolsheviks and left for France, whom he represented in the 1930s. It was after World War II that the Soviet School of Chess really took off.One of the imperatives of the Cold War was that the Soviets had to find ways to demonstrate that their vision of the world was superior to that of the capitalist, decadent West. Chess was an obvious domain. Alekhine had died in 1946, but around half of the best players in the world were Soviet. A five-man quintuple round-robin tournament was held in 1948 to decide the World Championship; three of the participants were Soviet. Their chosen man, Mikhail Botvinnik, won easily. Botvinnik became a central figure in the decades-long Soviet domination of chess that followed. Indeed, his work ethic and his values formed the template for the Soviet School.The School placed an emphasis on preparation, both mental and physical. In 1926, the scrawny 15-year-old Botvinnik found himself running out of energy during games, and on his mothers advice, began a daily exercise routine to raise his fitness levels. (Intense concentration at a chess board can take up a surprising amount of energy, and stamina matters.) Physical fitness became a credo for the Soviet School. Far more impressive, though, was the work they put into theoretical preparation.The key skill in chess is not calculation but pattern recognition. A famous study by Adriaan de Groot in 1946 found that grandmasters dont actually calculate more moves ahead than novice players. They just calculate the right ones. This is because what they see on the chessboard is not just a collection of pieces but a collection of existing patterns and possible patterns, all with their own characteristics and weaknesses. The more they study and play the game, the more patterns they understand, with greater depth and subtlety.The Soviet School began training schoolkids in the basic principles of chess, exposing them systematically to an increasing number of patterns, and teaching them basic heuristics to help them deal with common situations. This gave Soviet players an enormous edge over others who did not have this training. Insights that others had to labour to achieve were intuitive for them.?Others such as a kid growing up in India in the 1980s, before the advent of computers, with no access to the kind of information and training that the Soviets had.Devangshu Datta, a writer who played serious chess in the 1980s, and knows Anand well, once told me: When I started playing East Europeans [in the 80s], the difference in chess culture was stark. We knew so much less, it wasnt funny. To take an analogy, it was like putting a bunch of talented kids with a basic knowledge of, say, self-taught HSC level maths into direct competition with people who had post-grad math degrees.Wed struggle through the opening and hit the middle game and start wondering what to do, then in the post-mortem, the opponent would say, Oh, my trainer AN Other taught us that with this structure you have to play this way, and youd be like, Shit.For Anand to come out of this environment and establish himself as an elite player was mind-boggling. He did not have the mental toolkit that Soviet players did, and had to figure it out on the fly. Think of it as playing Wimbledon today with the kind of wooden racket they used 30 years ago; or, as I like to say, taking a Maruti 800 into a Formula One championship and actually competing for the title. What manner of special talent does it take to do that?***Appearances can be deceptive in chess. If you look at Anand, you see a polite, sedately dressed conventional Tamilian gentleman - but his chess style was something apart from this. Think of him as the Viv Richards of chess - flamboyant, attacking, pulling off moves that would leave his opponents in awe. Anand was known in his early days for his creative, attacking play, and he also played quickly, often taking minutes on the clock where others would take more than an hour. He didnt only have attacking strokes in his arsenal, though. He was what is known as a universal player: comfortable in all kinds of positions, with no weaknesses in his game.The chess world that Anand set foot into as a teenager in the late 1980s was a bipolar one - and both the poles were Soviet. Anatoly Karpov, the blue-eyed boy of the Soviet establishment, had become world champion in 1975 by default after Bobby Fischer refused to defend his title against him. (Some say Fischer was scared he would lose to this phenomenal young talent.) Karpov was a positional genius, and his style was likened to that of a boa constrictor, squeezing with precise, quiet moves till there was no life left in his opponent. Garry Kasparov, who beat him for the World Championship in 1985, and in a series of epic matches after that, was an unreal talent. He combined the strong points of every world champion before him, and unlike Anand, his personality matched his playing style: relentlessly attacking, uncompromising, fearless. (He would later battle Vladimir Putin with the same ferocity with which he took down Karpov.) Kasparov was the rebel to Karpovs establishment man persona - but both were solid products of the Soviet school, and both had been personally trained by Botvinnik.Anand won the World Junior Championship in 1987, but his big breakthrough to the elite level came in 1991, when he won a strong super-grandmaster round-robin tournament in Reggio Emilia. He finished ahead of Kasparov (whom he beat with black), Karpov, and upcoming superstars Boris Gelfand and Vassily Ivanchuk. For the first time since Fischer, the domination of the Soviet School of Chess was threatened by an outsider.***Anands quest to be world champion was complicated by a split in the chess world in 1993. Garry Kasparov fought with FIDE, the world chess body, over terms for his World Championship match against Nigel Short, and Kasparov and Short quit to set up a rival association, PCA, with its own World Championship matches. FIDE continued holding World Championships without Kasparov. Anand qualified through a rigorous process to play Kasparov for the PCA world title in 1995. They met in New York, and after eight draws, Anand won the ninth game with a sparkling exchange sacrifice. But Kasparov rebounded ferociously to win four of the next five games to put the match away.Anands next shot was at the FIDE World Championship in 1997-98. Its format was absurd: 97 players would play in a month-long knockout tournament in Groningen in the Netherlands, ending on December 30. And the winner would immediately travel to Lausanne in Switzerland to play a match against a fresh Karpov, who was seeded directly into the final, on January 2. Anand won the knockout tournament, beating Michael Adams in the final match, but was naturally drained by the effort. He later said that he was brought in a coffin to play Karpov, and chess enthusiast Sreenivas Lakkineni was quoted as saying that Anands condition was similar to a runner being asked to immediately start a 100-metre race from the marathon finishing line. To his credit, Anand drew the match 3-3, but lost the Rapid playoff.A couple of years later, in 2000, Anand finally won the FIDE World Championship, triumphing over another 100-man field in a knockout tournament. (Large-field knockout tournaments are very high-variance, so winning two of them within three years was remarkable in itself.) He wasnt the undisputed world champion, though, and craved a shot at that title. The PCA had no qualification system in place, and Kasparov basically picked who he wanted to play. That same year, he overlooked the World No. 2, Anand, and picked fellow Russian Vladimir Kramnik for a World Championship match. To everyones surprise, Kramnik beat Kasparov.The early 2000s were a frustrating time for Anand. He had won one half of the world title, but the other half was held by Kramnik, and Kasparov was still World No. 1. (Anand was No. 2.) Anand won the World Rapid and Blitz titles (players get around 30 minutes each in Rapid and around five minutes each in Blitz) and also won a series of super-GM tournaments. But the chess world was disorganised, and there were no signs of a unified world championship. Kasparov retired in 2005, opting to take on Putin on a larger chessboard. FIDE then got its act together and organised a reunification match between Kramnik and the FIDE world champion at the time, Veselin Topalov. Kramnik won, and was thereby the undisputed champion. And the next year, for the first time since a 37-year-old Mikhail Botvinnik won in 1948, a tournament (instead of a series of knockout matches) was held to decide the new undisputed world champion.***For about four years starting in 2007, Anand played chess as well as anyone has in the games history. He was World No. 1 now, and after winning the title with a solid performance in 2007, he defended it in matches against Kramnik (2008), Topalov (2010) and Gelfand (2012). His play in the matches against Kramnik and Topalov, in particular, was as close to perfection as you can get, according to Datta.He ticked all the boxes during this period, says Datta, and he showed his versatility as well, adapting to his opponents styles. Anand embraced tactical complexity against Kramnik but played with positional finesse against Topalov, practically toying with both men. After all these years of being almost there, he was now regarded as one of the greatest players to have ever played the game. Where does one place Anand in the pantheon of Indian sport? Chess is played in many more countries and by many more people than any other sport that Indians have excelled in, and Anand has been at the pinnacle of the game for two and a half decades. By this reckoning, he is incomparable. And his 2007 world title has special meaning.Had the world championships never been unified, indeed had they not been held at all, Anand would still have been a dominant player and perhaps played games of the same quality. But sporting greatness is not just about how well you play the game in a vacuum, but how well you play it under pressure. Context matters. With his lifetimes dream within his grasp, to display the solidity he showed in 2007, and then the versatility (and mastery of his opponents) he did in the subsequent matches against Kramnik and Topalov, was extraordinary - and so very unlikely. A soft-spoken Tamilian boy from India taking down the Soviet School of Chess? Whod have thunk it?Amit Varma is a writer based in Mumbai. He writes the blog India Uncut. Twitter: @amitvarma. Jordan 11 For Sale Cheap .ca NHL Power Rankings for the second straight week, ahead of the Pittsburgh Penguins and Colorado Avalanche. Cheap Jordan 11 Retro .875,000, avoiding arbitration. Clippards deal Monday means all eight Nationals players who filed for arbitration wound up settling before a hearing. . Jane Virtanen scored two, and Alex Roach and Elliott Peterson rounded out the offence for the Hitmen (40-15-6). Brady Brassart chipped in with three assists. Colton McCarthy scored twice, Brayden Point had a goal and two assists, and Jack Rodewald also scored for the Warriors (15-35-9), who were 2 for 5 on the power play. There was plenty of blame to go around for season-opening losses by the New York Jets and Buffalo Bills, but with three days between games and an AFC East rival ahead Thursday night in Week 2, each team turned the page quickly.Bills offensive coordinator Greg Roman stood up and faced the music Monday afternoon, a day after his offense turned in one of the teams worst performances in recent memory.Buffalos total offense output of 160 yards was its worst in 10 years, and its lowest in a season opener since 1979. Roman accepted blame for a game plan that never got into sync.I will definitely take the blame myself, Roman said. I think I can do a better job putting us in positions to be successful.What was so odd about what took place in Buffalos 13-7 loss to the Baltimore Ravens is that Roman never allowed the Bills to get into any rhythm.Buffalo did take the last meeting in the series -- and the past five -- to bump the Jets out of the playoffs in the final week of the 2015 season.We know each other pretty well, Jets coach Todd Bowles said. Theyre still tough. Rex is smart. He understands the game very well.The most glaring issue Week 1 for the Bills was the lack of deep throws dialed up for Tyrod Taylor, something in which the quarterback excelled last season in his first year as the starter. His longest pass was a 33-yarder on a broken play to tight end Charles Clay, and the only other pass that topped 10 yards was a 19-yarder to Sammy Watkins.We werent able to get into a rhythm and take those shots when we wanted to, Roman said. We got a little bit disjointed. We have to stay on the field. When we do that, were pretty darn good.There were five instances in which the Bills faced second-and-8 or longer where Roman called for a run, and none of those plays produced a first down. Only once did Buffalo recover and get points, and that was on its lone touchdown drive in the second quarter.The Jets sacked Andy Dalton seven times but the Cincinnati Bengals rattled away a 23-22 win in Week 1.The job that stares Rooman in the face is trying to get the offense on track against one of the best defensive lines in the NFL in Thursday nights home opener against the Jets (8:25 p. Air Jordan 11 Retro Low Cheap. m. ET). Baltimore was stout in the front seven and did a great job overpowering the Bills offensive line, and things will likely get tougher in this game against the likes of Sheldon Richardson, Muhammad Wilkerson and Leonard Williams. Wilkerson, dealing with ankle and toe issues, has been limited in practice and is listed as questionable.They have so many good players up front, center Eric Wood said. All of us have to show up each play because any one of them can really embarrass you. Another tough test, and weve got to play better this week.And the Bills will have to do so without left tackle Cordy Glenn, who will miss the game with an ankle injury, while leading receiver Sammy Watkins (foot) is listed as questionable. Glenn played half the game last week before exiting. Cyrus Kouandjio took over and, like the rest of the line, struggled.To a man, the linemen are thrilled to be playing on Thursday night because it allowed them to quickly wash away that lousy performance in Baltimore. Wood said they were already working on the game plan on the flight back from Baltimore because of the time crunch, and he said it had a cleansing effect.I think it was a blessing in disguise to get that stinker out of the way and move on and have a great opponent like the Jets coming up, Bills guard Richie Incognito said. It was great to turn the page fast and get on to the Jets.We are a very prideful group and we know what were capable of and we didnt play up to our potential. When you have a poor showing like that early in the season it leaves a poor taste in your mouth. So were coming out extra motivated. Were fired up.Thursdays contest is the 111th regular-season meeting between the teams. Buffalo leads the series 59-51. Cheap Nike NFL Jerseys Cheap Adidas Hockey Jerseys Wholesale Nike Baseball Jerseys Wholesale Jerseys From China Wholesale Jerseys China Wholesale NFL Jerseys China Cheap Nike NFL Jerseys Free Shipping Cheap Nike NBA Jerseys Authentic Cheap NHL Jerseys Canada Cheap Nike MLB Jerseys Cheap Soccer Jerseys China NCAA Jerseys Cheap Nike NHL Jerseys China Wholesale Jerseys China Cheap Jerseys Store Cheap Football Jerseys Store Wholesale Soccer Jerseys Jerseys NCAA China Jerseys NFL Cheap Cheap Nike NBA Jerseys ' ' '

Previous post     
     Next post
     Blog home

The Wall

No comments
You need to sign in to comment


By mary123
Added Nov 12 '18


Your rate:
Total: (0 rates)